According to the National Osteoporosis Foundation, osteoporosis is a bone disease that happens when you lose too much bone, make too little bone or both. Osteoporosis literally means "porous bone" and makes an individual more susceptible to fractures. The strength and health of our bones relies heavily on a diet rich in nutrients, especially calcium and vitamin D. Because calcium is not produced in the body, and because vitamin D helps the body to absorb calcium, it is vital that we include these nutrients in a healthy diet and lifestyle. Keep you bones strong by practicing these healthy habits:
- Exercise to keep bones healthy and strong. The American Heart Association recommends that kids get at least 60 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous intensity aerobic activity every day. Also, weight bearing exercises that work against gravity promote bone health.
- Eat healthy foods that contain calcium and vitamin D such as milk, yogurt, cheese, leafy green vegetables and frozen yogurt. Calcium and Vitamin D help to build dense, strong bones.
- Stop smoking.
- Limit alcohol and caffeine consumption.
- Protect the skull from injury by wearing a helmet while riding a bicycle, scooter, or skateboard.
- Wear protective gear while playing contact sports such as football, lacrosse, or hockey.